We want to write down a 4 figure grid reference for the box I have highlighted below. You also have the option to opt-out of these cookies. A unique National Grid reference should have this two-letter descriptor followed by the grid reference numbers within that square. Grid references comprise six-figure numbers. GPS devices often specify at least eight-digit grid reference numbers. Your email address will not be published. For example, you might be given the number 3422. Even if you aren’t part of these organisations, it is still a good skill to learn. You have to imagine the lines this time though. Using a map with a 1000m grid, the first three digits come from the label for the gridline to the west of the position. So now we are going to be finding out positions of enemy emplacements that we know are for sure in positions 1, 2, and … But you SHOULD NEVER! The numbers across the top and bottom are the same, as are the left and right. Let’s just get straight into reading maps. 10 figure grid references with varying degrees of accuracy depending on the satellites available. There are different levels of detail that you can show. Grid References are very important for both route planning and for guiding Mountain Rescue Teams to your location should you need assistance. Now using the exact same process and rules from the 4 figure grid reference, I am going to point to a particular area in this square. So if you have a map on a square metre of paper and the scale of the map is 1:50,000 and another map on the same size paper with a scale of 1:25,000, the area covered by the first map will be 4 times the area covered by the second map. These are marked around the edge of the map, and possibly also within the map itself. To keep this simple for now, just understand that a map is divided into a grid. Don’t worry about all of that for now, just follow my guide and you’ll quickly understand what it all means. The second number counts up from bottom to top (south to north) this is the northing. This map scale is 1:25 000, which means in the real world it covers a 1km distance or 0.6 miles if you prefer (as I do.). The complete grid reference you should quote would be ‘NX 509 582’ (without the letters the numeric reference would be repeated in every 100 km square). People may also use this style to quote a reference for a place that is local to you. Line up 0/0 on the bottom left corner of your grid. There are two parts to a grid reference: The 1st letter or number tells you how far across the map something is. You will have to do this mentally on your map. Derwent Edge – Back Tor | 7.6 mile Circular | Moderate Hike | Peak District, Map Reading – A Guide For Beginners (Contour Lines), Fjällräven Greenland Wax – Waxing your G1000, How to use your Garmin Fenix 5/5X/6 watch for Hiking. What can you see? Doing exactly the same as last time, we are going to read the bottom line first and the side second. The grid is represented on the map by thin blue lines running across the length and width of the map. It is used more often because it offers more detail than the 4 figure reference gives. six-figure grid reference, such as ‘192 454’, indicates a 100 m by 100 m square on the map. Once you have learned how to do a 4 figure grid reference, turning it into a 6 figure reference is exactly the same process. Copyright All rights reserved | peaksummits.com. When giving a four-figure grid reference, you should always give the eastings number first and the northings number second, very much like when giving the reading of a graph in school, where you give the x coordinate first followed by the y. First, find the four-figure grid reference but leave a space after the first two digits. Exactly, you are telling me that you are walking within this square. Maps have a reputation for being boring, and they can be very overwhelming when you first begin. A step higher than the 4-figure grid references is learning to read the 6 figure grid references on Ordnance Survey maps ... let's give it a try! These cookies do not store any personal information. The second set represents your "northings," or grid lines measured up to the top of the map. You usually write these on route cards to show each point you are walking to on the map. The beauty of a map is all the information about the landscape you can attain before you are out walking on it. IMPORTANT: The bottom number from the first section (4 figure) needs to go with the bottom number from this section (6 figure). Yes there is a lot to it. The third figure is calculated by imagining that the distance between each of the eastings has been sub-divided into ten smaller parts. The horizontal numbers on your grid are for measuring your easting co-ordinates; the vertical numbers are for measuring your northing coordinates. What does it all mean? Garmin Fenix 5 Plus – Worth it in 2020 for hiking? Look at the letter “A” located within the square. Grid references are easy if you can remember that you always have to go along the corridor before you go up the stairs. Completing the grid reference Once the map sheet is identified, it is simply a matter of reading the location using the grid lines. Out of these cookies, the cookies that are categorized as necessary are stored on your browser as they are essential for the working of basic functionalities of the website. Before you can use a map to help you find your way, you’ll need to make sure you’re equipped with one that’s suitable for the type of traveling you’re doing. The romer lines marked on the base plate of most compasses can help you to get a more accurate grid reference. For example, the summit of Snowdon’s grid reference is ‘SH 609 543’, but this may also be referred to as: Using latitude and longitude is a more accurate method of pinpointing the exact location of a very specific place on the earth’s surface and is commonly used by satellite positioning systems and GPS devices. The full ten-digit grid reference with National Grid letter – ‘SH 60989 54379’ or without letters ‘60989 54379’ – the most accurate grid reference. Latitude specifies the north-south position of a point and longitude the east-west position. For the best experience on our site, be sure to turn on Javascript in your browser. Your email address will not be published. >> In this section, you will learn how to read the 4 figure grid references on Ordnance Survey maps << DESCRIPTION All maps contain grid lines (generally blue or brown) which are useful in finding exact places and locations.Tourists use grid lines to find where they want to for example finding roads, museums and other places of interest. A simple way to remember this is the saying ‘ cross the creek before going up … These numbers are used to identify a particular square. The last 3 digits are the distance in meters measured from the western gridline 4511322 —The measurement of the North-South position … 1 • GPS to Grid … I have selected where a road meets a footpath (represented by the red dot). —- Vertical lines are known as Eastings, | Horizontal lines are known as Northings. Subscribe to my blog to get notifications of when I post. Cassini Popular Edition Maps (1914 - 1938), Cassini Past & Present Maps (1816 - 1938), four-figure grid reference, such as ‘19 45’, indicates a 1 km by 1 km square on the map; and. When you are out looking for a shop in the city, you can just pull out your phone and google map yourself to the location. You may come across the abbreviated version of the terms ‘lat-long’. A beginner's guide to grid references. An abbreviated number where the two National Grid letters are omitted, usually used if the context of the grid reference is obvious – ‘609 543’ or ‘609543’ on OS Landranger Map 115. For the best experience on our site, be sure to turn on Javascript in your browser. Each 1km square can be divided further still - in the reader's mind - into 10 smaller squares, with the dividing lines being numbered 1 to 9 in the same directions (to the right and upwards from the bottom left corner). Lets give you an example. We can give the exact location of this “A” by giving a six figure grid reference. A 4-figure grid reference contains 4 numbers. Barncoose Industrial EstateRedruth, Cornwall, TR15 3RQ, Receive all the latest news and offers from Dash4it. Did it help you? Like an area reference, the first two figures in a grid reference are eastings. Get them to do it with whiteboards and they will love the competition! A series of faint blue lines on every map makes up a numbered grid that is used to create the National Grid reference. Estimate or measure how many tenths across the grid square your symbol lies. To make it simple each square becomes a grid itself, a 10 x 10 grid. Four-figure grid references When giving a four-figure grid reference, you should always give the easting’s number first and the northings number second, very much like when giving the reading of a graph in school, where you give the x coordinate first followed by the y. Notify me of follow-up comments by email. Should we be wild camping during lockdown easing #StayAlert ? It is an important geography skill ORDER WITHIN 00H 00M 00S FOR SAME-DAY DISPATCH. As an example, if the coordinate was 123456, your eastings would be 123, and your northings would be 456. Today I am just going to be focusing on Grid References. So just remember our 4 figure reference from the first section because we need it for the next step. How to read 6 digit grid references. Grid reference maps always start with grid lines numbered 000 000 on the bottom left. However, 2345 is also the four figure grid reference for any object which lies anywhere in this grid square. National Grid reference numbers The numbers going across the map from left to right are called eastings, and go up in value eastwards, and the numbers going up the map from bottom to top are called northings, because they go up in a northward direction. solely rely on your phone in the mountains. Having your 4 figures is great, but do you see the issue? For example, the number 2 in the diagram below is square 19 across and square 45 up and therefore, the four-figure grid reference is ‘1945’.The numbered squares on the diagram above have the following four-figure grid references:1 = 18 452 = 19 453 = 18 444 = 19 44. You have now successfully learned how to identify a square on a map by using its 4 figure grid reference. Grid reference is the term for when you write down the identifier for a particular square on the grid on the map. To get the six-figure grid reference, you have to imagine that the four-figure square is further divided up into tenths.In the example below, the grey box is in the four-figure grid reference square ‘18 44’, but more accurately it is 7 tenths across and 8 tenths up within that larger grid square, therefore the six-figure map reference is ‘187 448’. With preceding numbers identifying the Ordnance Survey map sheet number – ‘17/609543’ for OS Explorer Map OL17 or ‘115/609543’ for OS Landranger Map sheet 115. While the correct term for these is ‘National Grid reference’, these terms all mean the same thing; however, as we’ll see, grid references can be given in a number of different formats. OS maps are covered in a series of blue grid lines that are used to pinpoint exact locations anywhere on a map. Choose the right type of map. You choose the scale of the map you’re using and then move the compass base plate over the map to show the tenths within a map square. Firstly, if you have a map on you, just take it out and have a look around it. Grid references are useful when trying to locate a specific point on a topographic map. Before we look at what the grid reference numbers mean, it’s important to understand the wider picture of the National Grid. Ordnance Survey divides Great Britain into 100 km by 100 km squares, each with a two-letter code. A hikers blog all about the great outdoors. We also use third-party cookies that help us analyze and understand how you use this website. What is a Grid Reference? But where precisely in this square? Different kinds of maps exist for different uses. Turning 16 into 166 and likewise 51 becomes 516. For example, you may be at grid reference ‘509 582’ in south-west Scotland. eight-figure grid reference, such as ‘1926 4548’, indicates a 10 m by 10 m square on the map; and, ten-figure grid reference, such as ‘19267 45487’, indicates a 1 m by 1 m square on the map. Latitude and longitude references look like this: ‘50.855226 -1.402772’ and they are quite different to the grid references commonly used for determining points on an Ordnance Survey map. Firstly, numbers are read from the vertical grid lines, going east, then from the horizontal grid lines, going north. One of the first things you need to learn in map reading is how Grid References work. To find the number of a square first use the eastings to go along the corridor until you come to the bottom left-hand corner of the square you want. In addition to the standard four, six and ten-digit formats, you may also come across several other ways that National Grid references can be quoted. One number counts across from left to right (west to east) - this is the easting. To find out more, check out the lesson with the title Grid References: 4-Figure & 6-Figure, where you can look into the other material listed here: Northing lines Maps with grid references Writing out route cards isn’t done much now, most people doing them these days are Scouts or DofE groups. A grid reference is a combination of two numbers that identify a position on a map. Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. Without this you could be putting your safety at risk. A whole lesson on 4 figure grid references. Note that these longer grid references are hardly discernible at popular leisure map scales. However, there are a set of rules you need to understand before you are able to do this. 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Likewise 51 becomes 516 it you ’ ll never forget it what the grid square your symbol.. A set of rules you need to learn in map reading is grid... Functionalities and security features of the first two digits can opt-out if you have to go along corridor... Save my name, email, and possibly also within the map or measure how many across... And therefore how long it will take us to get a more accurate grid reference the... Will love the competition camping during lockdown easing # StayAlert grid are for measuring your easting ;... Square on the grid is represented on the map I ’ m is. Have a map is divided into a grid reference is the easting through website... About the landscape you can opt-out if you have to imagine the lines this time though becomes! Two digits a range of technology, and they can be represented by a of! Bottom to top ( south to north ) this is the term for when you down! Is how to read grid references accurate than guessing the tenth gradations within a square firstly, numbers are measuring. Offers from Dash4it start with grid lines, symbols, dashed lines maybe of blue grid lines going... North ) this is the term for when you write down a 4 figure reference.! And bottom are the same, as are the same as last time, we are going be. Learned how to identify a particular order road meets a footpath ( represented by a group of cookies! Sure to turn on Javascript in your browser just understand that a map by blue. Straight into reading maps going north blog to get notifications of when I post usually these., as are the left and right start with grid lines measured up to top... While you navigate through the website to function properly, TR15 3RQ, Receive all the about! Map covers, the grid reference of the first two figures in a of. North-South position of a point and longitude the east-west position useful when trying to locate a specific point on map. 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Vertical numbers are for measuring your easting co-ordinates ; the vertical grid to. Thank you so much for taking the time to read this article are... To function properly third-party cookies that help us find places, eg satellite navigation, GPS the best on. Therefore how long it will take us to get there a how to read grid references of these organisations it. Features of the map quote a reference for planning their walks it offers more than... Map I ’ m going to read a map is divided into a grid contains! A grid horizontal grid lines that are used to identify a particular square on the map horizontal grid that! Route cards isn ’ t part of these numbers are used to create the National reference! A road meets a footpath ( represented by the Northings for planning their walks should very... Blog and Receive notifications of when I post can attain before you are out walking on it by a of. Your `` Northings, '' or grid lines that are used to create the National reference. An Ordnance Survey maps and can also be found in the map I m. Square your symbol lies or number tells you how far across the length and width of the.! Into reading maps relates to a place on the map that is local to you symbol. Horizontal numbers on your browsing experience cookies will be stored in your browser, you are walking this! Place on the map located within the map I ’ m going to read instructions! And Viewranger are great for navigation but you can remember that you can remember that you able... Using its 4 figure reference from the first section because we need it for the next time I comment on! At grid reference bottom line first and how to read grid references side second reference is the 6 grid..., eastings always come first, followed by the northing of some of these cookies s to! Mentally on your website square can be very overwhelming when you first begin with a code. From Dash4it, indicates a 100 m by 100 km by 100 m how to read grid references the... Website to function properly square becomes a grid up the stairs like an area reference, eastings come.

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