If neutered early enough, they don’t tend to stop every few seconds to mark their territory either! There will be less roaming and escaping from home. If your property is not fenced, if you want to let your dog roam and be ‘off leash’ then you need to have your dog neutered sooner rather than later. In general, neutering before the age of one is a good idea and the benefits will outweigh the risks. There are some other cancers that may be more likely in the castrated dog, but the evidence is lacking. While six months may be the perfect time for one dog, performing the procedure at two years of age may actually be better for another. However, owners should be aware that castration is not a panacea, and most dogs with behavioral disorders require specific programs and a lot of training. When selecting food for your pet, use Dog Time describes neutering as a procedure that eliminates the capability of the male dog to breed or procreate.. This better allows for reproduction control in animals no longer capable of or not considered desirable for breeding, and eliminates behaviors and physical changes re… Now it is recommended that you wait until your Golden is at least 18 months old (one and a half years) before spaying or neutering them. While this is generally a good thing as there are too many dogs in the world, a well-bred and good-tempered male may be the right candidate to breed from, so it is always worth considering. The exact age depends on many factors, including the vet’s advice and dog’s age of puberty. After administering anesthesia to numb the dog, the veterinarian will work to remove the testicles. The ideal age to get your male golden neutered is around one year just after sexual maturity. Female Boston Terriers neutered at the standard six months of age, for example, had no increased risk of joint disorders or cancers compared with intact dogs, but male Boston Terriers neutered before a year of age had significantly increased risks. A very important consideration when deciding when to neuter your dog is what their behaviour is like. This is a very long answer to what most people think is a great question that only needs a short answer. There are, however, some exceptions to this rule which is why it is always important to discuss the neutering of any individual dog with their vet. Although male dogs can’t reproduce after neutering, they may still exhibit breeding instincts such as humping. Spaying or neutering puppies is the responsible way to care for your pet and it's important to know when to do it. While still a major surgery, it is not as complex as a spay in a healthy, normal male dog… What is the best age to neuter a male dog? You need to consult with a vet who knows large breeds. Neutering reduces the risk of perianal fistula. For city dogs, the advantages probably outweigh the disadvantages of neutering but not necessarily for those who live beyond the suburban sprawl. Though these procedures can be done on puppies as young as a few months old, dog owners should consult with their veterinarian to determine the best age to spay or neuter their pet. We therefore need to ask – Are these study results due to the dog being sterilised? Just quickly, when we talk about a neutered dog we are referring to a male dog that has had his testicles removed. Neutering can be carried out very young, before the first season in females but some vets will also advise waiting until after a season or longer. They should be neutered before 15 months of age. In some countries, this may also be referred to as castration. Bottom line, it is best to talk with your vet or with one of our online vets about your individual situation. Note! Pet Food Finder, and search for veterinarians and professional writers. Large or giant dog breeds should be at least 2 years old. For the vast majority of smaller dogs, I am happy for them to be neutered at 6 to 9 months of age or prior to puberty if in a shelter situation. The risk of developing hip dysplasia and cranial cruciate disease may also increase with pre-puberty desexing(3). You can learn more about our For large dogs that are very prone to orthopedic injury/diseases we now recommend waiting to neuter until 9-18 months of age. Our male is 18 months old and was neutered at 6 months. There are some downsides to neutering your dog unnecessarily including susceptibility to certain cancers among others. Those that are neutered don’t have that ‘drive’ to follow the scent of a female. You will prevent unwanted pregnancy and lower the risk of over-population. Certain larger dogs should not be castrated before the age of one as this can increase the risk of cranial cruciate ligament disease, hip dysplasia, and lymphoma. One important fact to remember is that our pets are living longer lives, just like us. When should I neuter my male dog? Neutering dogs is common but several pet owners have a lot of questions to ask. She is a fellow of the British Veterinary Association and specializing in animal medicine. Castrating eliminates the production of testosterone, which can improve some dogs’ behavior, especially those with testosterone-driven vices such as dog to dog aggression, humping, and urine marking. ThePets is an informational website that features articles written by qualified A cryptorchid dog should definitely be neutered. In reality, there is no ‘one size fits all’, and each dog should really be assessed as an individual. This is utter rubbish and though dogs may be a bit quiet for a day or two, they will soon return to normal in no time. But, it is not that easy. Further prospective studies are required to answer this question. The most important question to ask yourself is, “are you able to keep your dog confined so that they are unable to escape?”. I am 47 until recently (with new research) I would spay or neuter my dogs male or females at 4 to 6 months. In contrast, spaying a dog is the process of removing a bitch’s ovaries and uterus so that she is unable to have puppies. If you adopt your dog from a shelter, he likely will undergo neutering before you take him home, no matter his age. Neutering can actually cause more aggression and problems. Still, neutering or not a dog should be a conscious choice made by the owner with proper vets consultation. Again, there is no easy or correct answer and as much as I hate to say “it all depends”! The decision on when to neuter your dog depends on their sex and breed. The age also depends on where you obtained your dog. Will prevent some types of hernias and tumours of the anus. It is not necessary to neuter your dog prior to sexually maturity to avoid testicular cancer. While dogs can of course be neutered at any age after the testicles have descended, leaving it until a dog is fully mature to have them neutered can cause problems. The AKC Canine Health Foundation and its donors are also supporting studies that explore how spay/neuter may produce adverse health effects in an effort to develop treatment and prevention strategies. There is no universal reply. The general consensus is that the best age to neuter a small to medium-sized male dog is after they are at least 1 year old. Many of the studies relating to timing of desexing are retrospective – meaning that they are assessing data from the past. If neutering is done too early or too late, the risks get higher and the benefits lower. editorial process. If you ask your veterinarian at what age it is best to spay or neuter your dog or cat, most will probably have an answer of between the ages of 6-9 months (or for simplicity, under 1 year of age), with an emphasis on spaying female pets before their first heat cycle. This leads to an increase in bone length (your dog may grow very tall) and can lead to joint problems for some dogs. While vets do everything they can to keep dogs comfortable afterward (such as providing pain relief and prescribing strict rest), dogs can feel moderate discomfort for a few days after the procedure, and some may be a little bruised and swollen. With every new day, the dog… My personal bias on this topic is that we still have a lot to learn and we need to make our decisions based on the individual animal and the family it lives in. Dr Leigh Davidson is a veterinarian with 20 years experience. Neutering can affect the behavior of a male Goldendoodle once the procedure is done when they are too young. We also don’t know important facts like behaviour, vaccination status, weight, and age of desexing. Also, she has been the Woman magazine resident vet for the past two years and writes a regular column for them, focusing on pets and their health. What does spayed mean? Neutering is non-reversible, so owners need to be aware that a castrated male can never be bred from and won’t be able to produce pups. If neutered prior to development of sexual characteristics then marking won’t occur. Is this due to age because we know castration results in a longer life-span? This eliminates the risk of cancer. Obesity is more common in neutered males, perhaps due to the reduced sex hormone levels and a slowdown in metabolism. But deciding when … Though rare, I have had a few owners who have regretted having the surgery performed when a few years down the line they would like to breed from their male. Neutering can prevent tumors, ease behavioral problems, and, of course, prevent unwanted puppies, the ASPCA reports. There appears to be a bit of a change in neutering recommendations for dogs, especially large breeds. The best age to neuter a Goldendoodle is between the ages of 4 to 9 months. Risks that go beyond the basic risk of surgery and anesthesia. Again, the evidence is still variable for this topic. The timing depends on what age they can expect to hit puberty. This is even more important with our large or giant breeds. Dogs are generally neutered from the age of around six months onwards, although the American and Australian trend of neutering even younger than this is becoming more common in the UK. It’s also sometimes advised to wait until maturity for male dogs, particularly of larger breeds. Your dog will roam less – and this means less risk of accidents such as being hit by a car or getting into fights with other dogs. Testosterone-driven behaviors (such as humping) can indeed be reduced, a positive thing for most! Most are back to normal within the week. In general, neutering before the age of one is a good idea and the benefits will outweigh the risks. They don’t have as much of a desire to roam, and they won’t seek out and pester a female in season. Vet Clinics Locator. Or is it just a function of getting old? You are in a race against time. giant breed vs small breed, The behaviour of your dog – is he showing signs of aggression vs anxiousness, Your ability to keep your dog from roaming and subsequent consequences i.e. https://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0061082, https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/2045340, https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/18598150, https://www.rspca.org.au/sites/default/files/RSPCA%20Australia%20Annual%20Statistics%20final%202016-2017.pdf, https://www.frontiersin.org/articles/10.3389/fvets.2018.00018/full. Let’s also not forget that patient genetics and the environment play a huge and often forgotten role in the development of many of these disease and behavioural processes. Unless the dog has a retained testicle (a condition known as cryptorchidism), a neuter procedure does not enter the abdominal cavity. Best Age To Neuter Or Spay A Dog I was writing to ask about the right time to neuter a Lab male. Does It Have A Cold? Another recent study showed that dogs spayed or neutered before 5 1/2 months had a significantly higher incidence of hip dysplasia than those spayed or neutered after 5 1/2 months of age, although it should be noted that in this study there were no standard criteria for the diagnosis of hip dysplasia. Small dogs do not have as many orthopedic issues, therefore it is fine to neuter them on the younger side at 6-12 months of age. This is especially important in multi-pet households. Why Should You Wait to Neuter Your Dog? There are several benefits to performing a castration surgery: A frequent concern is that a dog ‘won’t be himself’ after being castrated and their personality will change. In summary, the effects of neutering on dog behaviour require more study as the majority of the studies are producing conflicting results. Most have been males neutered at about 6 months. Let’s take a look at the benefits and risks of these surgeries and what, if any, is the best time to schedule the snip or spay. Some people are surprised to discover that there are risks to neutering a dog. The behavioral changes of neutering neutering a male dog are described in this article. (2). Castrated dogs are generally much easier to manage when out on a walk-in public. It is a surgical procedure that can only be performed by a veterinarian in a fully-equipped clinic. They say neutering them this early causes them to grow taller and not fill out. During spay surgery, a female dog's reproductive organs - called the ovaries - are removed. Anxious and aggressive behaviour from these breeds can be disastrous in our society(4). If your dog is a year old and still has one or both testicles tucked up inside his body (called cryptorchidism), the retained testicle is 14 times as likely to develop a tumor compared to a descended testicle. Again, we need to remember that genetics and exercise do play a large role in the development of these conditions. This procedure is significantly more involved than removing a male’s testicles. We have had Great Danes for several years. There really is no one size fits all answer to the question of when you should neuter your dog. When deciding the best time to neuter your dog, it’s important to consider the following: Neutering prior to puberty (<6 months) results in the removal of hormone influence on physeal growth plates resulting in delayed closure. There are several health issues an unneutered dog is more likely to suffer from, including Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia, Prostatic abscesses and Testicular cancers. In the past, I would have quickly replied “oh around 6-9 mths old would be best”, but now, with studies looking at the relationship between neutering and health of our dogs, that advice may well be regarded as obsolete. Just quickly, when we talk about a neutered dog we are referring to a male dog that has had his testicles removed. Veterinary experts recommend that for larger breeds, it is better to wait until they have achieved full-skeletal maturity. They can become pregnant as early as 5 or 6 months old and most dogs can produce two litters a year. Removing the testicles will prevent testicular cancer and any other cancers that rely on testosterone to grow. Will prevent testicular cancer and can decrease risk of prostate problems such as prostatitis (inflammation/infection) and benign prostatic hyperplasia (enlargement) that are due to hormones. One thing we are sure about is that once an intact dog is displaying aggressive behaviour, neutering will unlikely result in any change in that behaviour (5). Large or giant breeds, it may be more appropriate to delay neutering, however consideration needs to be given regarding behaviour and ability of the owner to care for these dogs. This can mean waiting for 12 to 18 months before you get your dog neutered. While this may seem like a straight forward question, it is actually far from it! Interestingly, most studies find that males can safely be neutered any time from 8 weeks of age (though most vets will give them a few more months to grow and mature). Female pups mature more quickly than you may think. However, in the United States, virtually all bitches and dogs are rendered sterile by surgery at some point in their life. Dr Leigh started Your Vet Online, Australia's only 24 hour online vet service for pet and horse owners in 2015. Anesthesia and surgery carry a slightly higher risk in very young dogs, especially in small breeds who are less able to regulate their temperature and blood sugars. As a general rule of thumb, it is recommended that a male is castrated at about six months of age, just before puberty. Some veterinary behaviorists believe that neutering a very submissive dog early can be a negative as they never receive the confidence boost that puberty and testosterone can give them. In many parts of the world, due to cultural or economic prohibitions, bitches and dogs are not spayed or castrated unless they have reproductive tract disease. Recently, we have heard breeders and others say this age is too young for large-breed dogs. However, this depends on the age of the dog. When to Spay or Neuter Your Pet For dogs: While the traditional age for neutering is six to nine months, puppies as young as eight weeks old can be neutered as long as they’re healthy. Sure, neutering is not easy to answer to all problems, as we wish it could be. Evidence-based medicine suggests that there is a complexity to the different guidelines for age of neutering depending on the breed of dog and it’s behaviour. Unlike females, males show the greatest aggression and attraction during puberty. You need to be very sure of your ability to control and socialise these dogs appropriately. Office: 215 Wigram Rd, Annandale, 2038 Sydney, NSW Australia Phone: +61240171300 Email: [email protected], Dive straight into the feedback!Login below and you can start commenting using your own user instantly. This means a surgery under a general anesthetic. We do know that desexing does increase lifespan and as a result, the risk of developing conditions like cancer may be higher (1) and have little relevance to desexing. Disclosure: our content is free because we may earn a commission when you click or make a purchase using our site. Reduces to zero chances of an accidental mating and unwanted pregnancy. Once marking of territory starts, it is unlikely to stop. This research provides veterinarians and dog owners with data-based information regarding the best age for neutering any individual dog. Seromas and infections at the incision site would not be uncommon, though they can largely be prevented with the use of Elizabethan collars and good hygiene. Ehrlichiosis in Dogs: Is Your Dog At Risk Of This Tick-Borne Disease? There is a difference between the terms neuter and spay.The term neuter is used when speaking of a surgical procedure that removes a male dog’s testicles thus rendering them unable to reproduce.On the other hand, the term spay is used to describe the surgical procedure for female dogs. Female pups mature more quickly than you may think our society ( 4 ) this early causes to. Disastrous in our society ( 4 ) you obtained your dog to orthopedic injury/diseases we now waiting. Of questions to ask about the right time to neuter your dog from a shelter, he likely undergo... Will prevent testicular cancer and any other cancers that rely on testosterone grow... End up in your local Pound resulting in a fine to regain possession 2014! 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